Revash Mausoleum

Funerary complex in Amazonas

Mausoleums of Revash

Archaelogical Complex in Northern Peru, Amazonas Region

60km South of Chachapoyas is located the funerary complex of Revash, in the province of Luya.

How to get to the Revash Mausoleum ?

To reach San Bartolo in the province of Luya from Chachapoyas, it takes 1h30. It is located at an altitude of 2,800m. In San Bartolo, you can walk quietly on a  1.5km stone path to arrive at the top of the Mausoleums. If you drive your own car, you can stop about 45min before you arrive in San Bartolo on the road side. From there, you can do a 4.5km trek to climb the Revash Mausoleum.

What is the Revash Mausoleum?

At 2,800 meters in Cerro Carbon, there are the mausoleums, in a cave on the top of limestone rocks. Most of the buildings have been built next to each other. Therefore, they look more like apartment buildings than mausoleums at first sight. However, because of its location in a remote area, the difficult access and especially regarding to its content, these uppermost floors were Chachapoyas last homes.

The height and shape of the houses vary. There are one or two floors, always adapted to the wall, into the caves of the cliff. The houses are made of a mixture of clay and stone. There, the ceilings are symbolic because they are protected by the rock.

Région Amazonas, Nord du Pérou

Explanations

The houses are almost intact. Unfortunately, the mummies that were there were removed by man or eaten by rodents.

Only in the sides entrances, there is sometimes a common wall between a mausoleum and another. The height of the houses are a little more than one meter. So it is high enough to deposit the mummified corpses in a foetal position. The front of the building opens to the south instead of east.

 

The houses are painted red around and there are cave paintings in red colour too. This colour comes from the seeds of the annatto fruit. These drawings appear from concentric circles and images of camelidos (Lamas). There are patterns in form of a cross in low relief, better known as “Cruz Andina”, Andean Cross or “Chakana”. There are also patterns in “T” form and in rectangles that remain an enigma. Some Scientists are trying to identify those drawings that decorate the tombs and walls of rock around. What is sure is that concentric circles are symbols of life to support the living. Besides, the Chakanas were associated with power and war. Therefore they are in connection with death.

 

Through the objects found within these mausoleums, we can interpret that these were the collective residences of powerful and prestigious dead people. On the other hand, French archaeologists Henri and Paul Reichler believe that the construction of this village of the dead occurred in the 14th century.

Deux parties de Revash

Copyrighted Image