In the region of Lambayeque you find the Pyramids of Tucume, at 40 km (about 30 minutes by car) from Chiclayo, the regional capital, on the Coast of Northern Peru. The landscape in this region is arid and dry, interrupted by green oasis of agriculture, mainly rice.
This remarkable archaeological site at the Coast of Northern Peru extends on a territory of over 220 ha and houses 26 Pyramids. This is the reason why the archaeologist think that there were several lords at the same time on this extended territory.
The biggest Pyramid is 700 m long, 270 m large and 30 m high !
You have to be aware that in Peru, and especially in the Northern part of Peru, the cultures are much older than the Inca culture. The Lambayeque culture, for example, lived between 700 and 1400, just after the Moche culture, from 100 to 700. It has inherited many of the handcraft talents of the metal and pottery craft, as well as the weaver craft. They were excellent architects and builders and they started to raise the Pyramids of Tucume from the years 1000 onwards. As the region around Tucume is desert, they also constructed long canals that brought the water from more distant rivers.
The decoration of the truncated Pyramids was very fine, a proof of the ability of the workers at that time, with murals that represented their gods and scenes regarding the sea. They used colors such as yellow and green, as show some traces. This proves the extent of their expertise.
Another interesting detail is that the Pyramids were arranged in the same way as the surrounding mountains.
The Museum is open since 1993. It explains the history of the Lambayeque culture through the 26 truncated pyramids in the valley. These Pyramids come from the Lambayeque culture that ruled between 1000 and 1400. The Lambayeque culture has afterwards turned into the Chimu culture (like the adobe city of Chan Chan).
The Museum of Tucume has four rooms. It explains in a ludic way the Lambayeque culture, its habits and religious traditions, the living conditions of its inhabitants and their funeral beliefs. They believed in a heavenly life, a life on earth and a life after death. This is very well demonstrated in many drawings and reproductions on pottery and weaving articles.
You can also watch an educational video with a reconstruction of the life of the inhabitants in this period. This helps us tremendously to imagine how life was at that time in the region of Lambayeque.